Justin Trudeau of the Liberal Party has been elected as Canada's new prime minister. Outgoing leader Stephen Harper has stepped down as leader of the Conservatives after nine years in the top job.
Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper resigned as Conservative Party leader on Tuesday after the Liberals, led by Justin Trudeau, emerged victorious in the country's legislative elections.
"I have spoken to Prime Minister Stephen Harper and he has instructed me to reach out to the newly elected parliamentary caucus to appoint an interim leader," said party president John Walsh in a statement.
"The people are never wrong," Harper said of his defeat. "The disappointment is my responsibility and mine alone."
Harper added that he had called Trudeau to congratulate him.
Trudeau calls for hopeful, diverse future
In electing Trudeau, the charismatic son of another popular prime minister, Canadian voters illustrated the growing discontent with nine years of Conservative rule that saw corporate taxes lowered, the avoidance of climate change legislation and disagreement with the Obama administration over the controversial Keystone XL pipeline.
Harper's nine years in office were marked by financial and cultural conservatism.
"Canadians have spoken," said Trudeau, saying that he would be the man to lead the "hopeful, positive," country "with a vision" that they had asked for.
In his victory speech, Trudeau said his government "believed deeply in the diversity of our country," striking a contrast with the strain of nativism that had become apparent under Conservative rule.
"We beat fear with hope," declared the 43-year-old former teacher.
Liberals blow past projected results
Projections ahead of the election had Harper and Trudeau in a dead heat, but as polls closed on Monday night it became clear that the Liberals had won an outright majority, with a projected 175 of Parliament's 338 seats. This represented a huge leap from four years ago - when Liberals were handed their most crushing defeat in history with a mere 34 seats.
Harper will stay on as a member of Parliament for his constituency, public broadcaster CBC reported, as he was reelected to his seat.
The left-leaning New Democratic Party had hoped to capitalize on its second-place finish in 2011, but only managed to come in third with CBC estimating that the party had garnered 32 seats.